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After a more or less sleepy January, things pick up in February – a month of Carnival celebrations, parades and also a special day for lovers. The Carnival, pust, starts on a different day each year (usually in February, but it can also be in March), depending on Easter. When we know the exact date of Easter, we deduct 46 days and get the date of Ash Wednesday, pepelnična sreda (in Christian religion this is the first day of Lent). A day before is Fat Tuesday or Mardi Gras. But carnivals and parades start before that day – a peak of celebrations is on the weekend before Fat Tuesday (this year on February 10).

Carnival pranks

The Carnival celebrations are generally very popular in Slovenia, especially among children. At this time of the year people put on various carnival masks, transforming themselves into characters they like. These so called pustne šeme or maškare (carnival masks) go door-to-door and ask for some candy – similar to Halloween. In the past it was said they chase away the winter and bring good luck if they ring on our door. The custom is more distinctive in the countryside, but it can also be found in cities. Carnival masks usually get candy, donuts, cookies, and sometimes even spare change. This door-to-door tradition is still very popular among youngsters. As I remember from my childhood, we had great fun during the Carnival.

Students usually dress up and go to school, where they organise a competition for the most innovative carnival mask. And teachers get dressed up, too!

Carnivals around Slovenia

On the weekend before Fat Tuesday, pustni torek in Slovenian, there are many carnivals all around Slovenia. The most well-known international carnival is kurentovanje or Kurents Carnival in the city of Ptuj, with its famous carnival mask kurent or korent. Kurents are dressed in a sheepskin coat, gaiters, around their belts they have bells, and on their heads they carry a typical mask. The whole outfit can be quite heavy, according to some, it can weigh up to 70 kilograms for a male Kurent. Kurents are mostly men, but women and children can be under the masks too. As we already touched on in our festivals blog post, Kurents chase away the winter and bring the spring and rich harvest with jumping and jangling.

Another parade takes place in Cerknica, a town in south-west Slovenia, which is known for witches from Slivnica Hill. A famous mother witch Uršula is present in a parade every year, along with other witches and mythological creatures from Lake Cerknica – the largest intermittent lake in Slovenia. On the Carnival weekend, Cerknica suddenly becomes an imaginary town called Butale, and its citizens are Butalci, which can be translated as boneheads (the »smart« and comic Butalci character originates from a comedy by Slovenian writer, Fran Milčinski).

Carnivals take place in other towns as well, such as Cerkno and Ljubljana. In the latter is the Dragon Carnival, which takes place on Carnival Saturday. Fat Tuesday is the last day of the Carnival, and on this day or the day after, pust is buried until next year.

Culinary delicacies for the Carnival

Beside all the pranks and carnival masks, delicious pastries are present everywhere. Well-skilled people prepare them at home, but they also offer the carnival pastries in every bakery and grocery store at this time. An absolute winner is pustni krof, a Carnival donut. There are also other typical fried pastries, such as miške (little mice) and flancati.

Slovenians like to eat donuts all year round, but in the Carnival time a demand is even bigger. The most famous donut comes from Trojane, therefore it is called trojanski krof. This one is particularly big and filling! Donuts are usually filled with an apricot jam or vanilla cream, and sprinkled with powdered sugar on top. Good food makes the Carnival celebration, pustovanje, even greater.

Delicious krofi

Day of red hearts

Valentine’s Day or valentinovo in Slovenian, nearly coincides with the Carnival. Especially this year, since Fat Tuesday is on February 13 and Valentine’s Day on the 14th. Today more people look forward to the Carnival than Valentine’s Day, which has become more a celebration for merchants, who attract us to buy all kinds of chocolate hearts, love cards, flowers, and more hearts…

In the past Saint Valentine, sveti Valentin, announced the time for first garden work and farm chores on February 14. Later on, the celebration of valentinovo got a more romantic hint. Today’s romantic celebration of the Valentine’s Day actually originates in the Netherlands. It is a holiday of lovers and friendship. It is still popular to exchange love cards – valentines, or even letters (in some cases anonymous) on this day, especially in school. As I can see, for most people this is just another ordinary day. But on February 14 some of us have a name day, in Slovenian god, which can also be a good reason to celebrate.

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